Pessimism and Pandeism: Philipp Mainländer on the Death of God

Philipp Mainländer (1841 – 1876) was a German poet and philosopher, born in Offenbach am Main. He was a disciple of Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy and one of the patron saints of 19th century German pessimism (other notable figures belonging to this curious philosophical trend include Eduard von Hartmann and Julius Bahnsen). Unlike these other pessimists,…View Post

The Planck Telescope is Leading to Some Fascinating Discoveries About the Universe

The Planck telescope, or usually referred to simply as Planck, was launched in 2009. It is a space observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA) and its purpose is to observe the cosmic microwave background radiation – the radiation that has been left over from the Big Bang. More specifically, Planck has been designed to…View Post

The Cyclic Universe: Endless Birth, Death and Rebirth

A cyclic universe is a universe which follows an infinite self-sustaining cycle. In the 1930s, Einstein came up with the idea that the universe could go through an infinite cycle of Big Bangs and Big Crunches. The expansion of our universe could have been caused by the collapse of a previous universe – it sort of…View Post

Are We Living in a Multiverse?

The multiverse idea says that many universes exist, possibly an infinite number of them. The term ‘Universe’ literally means everything that there is, but it can also be more narrowly defined as everything that we can observe. This narrow definition allows for the possibility that other universes exist beyond this one, it’s just that we…View Post