Hypnagogia: The Experience of Being Half-Awake and Half-Asleep

Hypnagogia is the experience you have when you are falling asleep (but not quite asleep). When you’re waking up (but not quite awake) this is known as hypnapompia. Other terms for hypnagogia include: ‘visions of half-sleep’, ‘the borderland of sleep’, ‘half-dream state’ and ‘dreamlets’. The hypnagogic state can be characterised by many sensory experiences. These experiences can range…

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Should Polygamy Be Legalised?

Polygamy, or a marriage involving more than two partners, is illegal in most countries. Polygamous marriages may not be performed in the UK, and if one is performed, then the already married person is guilty of the crime of bigamy – bigamy being the act of entering into a marriage with one person, whilst already…

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Codex Seraphinianus: A Strange Book About a Strange World

The Codex Seraphinianus is an illustrated book put together by the Italian artist and architect Luigi Serafini (born in 1949). Originally published in 1981, the book contains a depiction of an imaginary world, and all the writing is done in an imaginary language. Admittedly the language doesn’t mean anything, but the fact that it looks like a…

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The Wealthiest Countries Are Not Always the Happiest

The extent to which a country is “developed” is usually expressed in terms of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The GDP of a country is the market value of all its goods and services at any given time. The higher the GDP, the more material goods and wealth that country possesses. The country with the highest…

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The Mystery of the Voynich Manuscript

The Voynich Manuscript dates to the early 15th century and it is believed to have come from northern Italy. It is not named after the author (since the author is unknown) but is named after the book dealer, Wilfrid Voynich, who bought it in 1912. The language of the book remains unknown and no one has…

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